Hee Kit Wong, MD

Hee Kit Wong, MD, Singapore
Co-President 2015-2016

Current Positions

  • Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, National University of Singapore
  • Head, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National University of Singapore
  • Chair, University Orthopaedics, Hand & Reconstructive Microsurgery Cluster, National University Health System (NUHS)
  • Head, Division of Spinal Surgery, University Orthopaedics, Hand & Reconstructive Microsurgery Cluster, National University Health System (NUHS)

Other Professional and Academic Positions:

  • Chairman, Spine Section of the Asia Pacific Orthopaedic Association (APOA)
  • Visiting Consultant, Scoliosis Clinic, School Health Service, Institute of Health, Singapore
  • Visiting Professor, 2nd Medical Military University, Shanghai, China
  • Visiting Professor, 4th Medical Military University, Xian, China
  • Visiting Professor, Universiti Sains Malaysia
  • Visiting Professor, University of Malaya, Malaysia
  • External Assessor for the appointment and promotion of academic staff, University of Malaya, Malaysia
  • Advisory Board of Orthopedic Surgery Department of Capital Medical University, Beijing, China
  • Member of Selection Committee, King Faisal International Prize for Medicine for 2010 (1430H), King Faisal Foundation, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Board member, Pacific Asia Society for Minimally Invasive Spinal Surgery (PASMISS)
  • Board Member, Asia Pacific Cervical Spine Society (APCSS)
  • Advisory Board, Orthopaedics Hyperguide, Asian Chapter
  • Member, Specialist Training Committee for Orthopaedic Surgery, Ministry of Health, Singapore

Undergraduate and Medical Education
1974 – 1979 MBBS, University of Singapore (Singapore Merit Scholarship)
Awarded the Singapore Medical Association Bronze Medal for Distinction in Microbiology and Parasitology, 1976

Postgraduate Education
1982 Fellow of the Royal Australian College of Surgeons (FRACS) Part I
(Awarded the Howard-Eddey Medal for overall best candidate)
1984 Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow (FRCS, Glasgow) Part II, United Kingdom
1984 Master of Surgery, M. Med (Surgery), National University of Singapore
1986 NUS-JSPS Exchange Scholarship for Basic Research, Kobe, Japan
1988 Master of Orthopaedic Surgery, M.Ch (Orth), University of Liverpool (under the Liew Weng Chee Scholarship, NUS)
(Awarded the Examiners’ Prize for Best Overall Results in the M.Ch(Orth) examination)
1991 French Academic Exchange Programme -Training in Spine Surgery in France under Dr Daniel Chopin at Institut Calot, Berck-Plage and Dr Pierre Roussously at Centre de Masseus, Lyon, France
1994 NUS-JSPS Exchange Scientist Training in Spine Surgery under Dr Keiro Ono, Osaka University Medical School, Osaka, Japan and Dr Kiyoshi Kaneda, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan

Past and Present Academic Appointments
1983 Senior Tutor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, NUS
1984 Lecturer, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, NUS
1988 Senior Lecturer, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, NUS
1996 Associate Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, NUS
2004 Head, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, NUS
2005 Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, NUS

Past and Present Professional Appointments
1988 Senior Registrar, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, NUH
1994 Consultant, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, NUH
1994 – Visiting Consultant, Scoliosis Clinic, School Health Service, Institute of Health, Singapore
1997 – Senior Consultant, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, NUH
1997 – Head, Division of Spinal Surgery, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, NUH
1998 – Spine and Scoliosis Consultant, Children’s Medical Institute, National
University Hospital, Singapore
2003 – Visiting Consultant, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Alexandra Hospital
2004 Chief, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National University Hospital
2008 – Chair, University Orthopaedics, Hand & Reconstructive Microsurgery Cluster, National University Health System (NUHS)

Membership of Professional Societies

  • Singapore Medical Association
  • Singapore Orthopaedic Association (President 2006/2007)
  • Academy of Medicine, Singapore
  • Asia Pacific Orthopaedic Association (APOA) (Hon. Secretary 2007-2010)
  • Asia Pacific Orthopaedic Association (APOA) Spine Section (Chairman 2008-2011)
  • International Society for the Study of the Lumbar Spine (ISSLS)
  • Scoliosis Research Society (SRS), Active Fellow
  • Society for Advancement of Spinal Surgery (SAS(Membership Committee)
  • Pacific Asian Society for Minimally Invasive Spinal Surgery (Board Member)
  • Asia Pacific Cervical Spine Society (Board Member)
  • North American Spine Society (NASS)
  • MCh.Orth. Society, Liverpool, U.K.
  • National Arthritis Foundation, Singapore
  • Biomedical Engineering Society, Singapore
  • Skeletal Dysplasia Group, London, U.K.
  • Chapter of Orthopaedic Surgeons, College of Surgeons, Singapore (Committee Member)

Memberships of Editorial and Reviewer Boards

  • International Editorial Board, Journal of Orthopaedic Science (Japanese Orthopaedic Association)
  • International Editorial Board, Asian Spine Journal
  • Deputy Editor, Spine Arthroplasty Society Journal
  • Corresponding Editor, Indonesian Orthopaedic Journal
  • Reviewer, Spine
  • Reviewer,  Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (UK)
  • Reviewer, Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hong Kong
  • Reviewer, Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
  • Reviewer, Singapore Medical Journal
  • International Editorial Board of the Chinese Journal of Spine and Spinal Cord

Research Grants 

  • Genetic Prognostication of Curve Progression in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis in Asian School Children, BMRC Bedside & Bench Grant 2010
  • Functionalization of Bioresorbable Poly-Apsilon-Caprolactone-20% Tricalcium Phosphate Cage Devices to Enhance Delivery of Biological Factors in Interbody Spine Fusion (Biomedical Research Council, 1/3/2010-31/3/2013)
  • Control release of recombination human bone morphogenetic protein type 2 from heparin conjugated multilayered alginate microbeads to enhance new bone formation in spine fusion  (NMRC/EDG/0022/2008, 1/6/08-30/6/10)
  • A prospective matched cohort comparison of pulmonary function between scoliotic patients underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic instrumentation versus posterior spinal correction and patients with no surgery, NHG Domain-Specific Review Board (DSRB), 24 Jan 2008– 23 Jan 2009
  • Paraspinal muscles function in humans using magnetic stimulation evoked cerebral potentials (SEPs): Evaluation of a NOVEL non invasive quantitative assessment method for functional recovery in patients after low back injury, NHG Small Innovative Grant I, , 1 April 2007
  • Mechanical analysis of human lumbar facet joints after artificial disc replacement, Biomedical Research Council, Biomedical Research Council, 1 January 2005 – 2008.
  • Gene expression in sustained lumbar spinal nerve root compression neuropathy: An evaluation of novel gene detection techniques in an experimental animal model National Medical Research Council 2004,
  • A study on fusion performance of the novel contoured spinal fixation device in conjunction with stem cells and bone morphogenetic proteins in lumbar interbody fusion Biomedical Research Council 2003,

Research Awards

  • Outstanding Oral Paper Award: ‘Fusion Performance of a Bioresorbable Cage usedin a Porcine Model of Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion’. The 13th International Conference on Biomedical Engineering, Singapore 3 -6 Dec 2008
  • Winner of N Balachandran Best Paper Award: ‘Fusion Performance of a Novel Bioresorable Cage used in Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion’. 31st Annual Scientific Meeting of Singapore Orthopaedic Association, Singapore 12 -16 Nov 2008
  • Award Winner for the Best Deformity Paper: ‘Adolescent Undergoing Surgery for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS): Does Surgery and Surgical Technique Affect Patient Outcomes? At the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) Worldwide Meeting, New Delhi, India, 2-4 Oct 2008
  • APOA 2008 Poster Award in recognition of excellence in the APOA 2007 Scientific Session with outstanding presentation titled “Bone Marrow Stromal Stem Cells (bMSCs) Transplantation into Intervertebral Disc and Intervertebral Disc (IVD) Distraction to Reverse Intervertebtral Disc Degeneration in Rabbit Model”.

Selected Publications

  • Wong HK and Bose K. Spinal stenosis: Results of surgical treatment. Journal of the Western Pacific Orthopaedic Association, 29, no.1 (June 1992): 37-41
  • Wong HK. Diagnosing low back pain. Singapore Medical Journal, 33, no.1 (February 1992): 74-78
  • Wong HK and Balasubramaniam P. Understanding cervical spondylosis. CME Review, 2, no.3 (August 1992): 72-75
  • Wong HK. Surgical treatment of lumbar spine stenosis. Journal of the Indonesian Orthopaedic Association, 15, 2 (December Issue 1997): 101-109
  • Wong HK and Lee EH. Cervical instability in patients with Down’s syndrome and other related genetic disorders. Current Opinion in Orthopaedics,5,no.11(1994): 85-90
  • Wong HK, Balasubramaniam P, Rajan U, Chng SY. Direct spinal curvature digitization in scoliosis screening – A comparative study with Moire contourgraphy. Journal of Spinal Disorders, Vol.10, 2 (1997): 185-192
  • Hui JHP, Wong HK and Lee EH. High cervical instability in Down’s syndrome. A report of six cases and review of current management. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery, 5, 1 (1997): 73-79
  • Wong HK. Sizing and other considerations in the posterior insertion of paired cylindrical threaded cages in PLIF. Journal of the Indonesian Orthopaedic Association, 27, 1(June 1999):43-48
  • Goh JCH, Wong HK. Thambyah A and Yu CS. Influence of PLIF Cage Size on Lumbar Spine Stability. Spine, 0362-2436 (January 2000): 35-40
  • Goh JCH, Tan JS, Low SL and Wong HK. Linear Correlation between Superior-Inferior and Lateral Bone Mineral Density of the Lumbar Vertebrae. Journal of Clinical Densitometry (2001)
  • Wong HK, Goh JCH and Goh PS.  Paired Cylindrical Interbody Cage Fit and Facetectomy in Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion in an Asian Population.  Spine, 2001, 26(5):572-577
  • Wong HK and Tan KJ.  Effects of corticosteroids on nerve root recovery after spinal nerve root compression.  Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 2002, 403:248-255
  • Hui JHP, Wong HK, Chatterji and Lee EH.  Spinal fusion and instrumentation for paediatric neuromuscular scoliosis: retrospective review.  Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery, 2002,10(2):144-151
  • Wong HK and Hee HT. Instrumentation in spinal surgery. Annals of Academy of Medicine Singapore, 31 (2002): 579-589
  • Hee HT, Thambiah J, Nather A and Wong HK. Neurologically unstable fracture of the lumbosacral spine in ankylosing spondylitis. Annals of Academy of Medicine Singapore, 31 (2002): 115-118
  • Chng SY, Wong YQ, Hui JHP, Wong HK. Ong HT and Yam TG.  Pulmonary function and scoliosis in children with spinal muscular atrophy types II and III. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 39 (2003): 673-676
  • Hee HT and Wong HK. The long-term results of surgical treatment for spinal stenosis in the elderly. Singapore Medical Journal, 44 (2003):175-180
  • Lakdawala R, Rahmat R, Tan LKA and Wong HK.  Aortic flap valve presenting as neurogenic claudication – A Case Report.  Spine, 2004, 15(4):E79
  • Lim JK and Wong HK.  Variation of the Cervical Spinal Torg Ratio with Gender and ethnicity.  The Spine Journal, 4,4(2004): 396-401
  • Wong HK, Hee HT, Yu ZR and Wong D. Results of thoracoscopic instrumented fusion versus conventional posterior instrumented fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis undergoing selective thoracic fusion. Spine 29(18):2031-2038, 2004
  • Fong SY and Wong HK. Ossification of the Ligamentum Flavum causing Spinal Cord Compression. Annals of Academy of Medicine Singapore, 33 (2004): 340-346
  • Chen ZY and Wong HK. Variability of Somatosensory Evoked Potential Monitoring during Scoliosis Surgery, Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques 17,6 Dec 2004:470-476
  • Liu EHC, Wong HK, Chia CP, Lim HJ, Chen ZY and Lee TL.  Effects of isoflurane and propofol on cortical somatosensory evoked potentials during comparable depth of anaesthesia as guided by bispectral index. British Journal of Anaesthesia, 94 (2005):193-7
  • Wong HK, Hui JHP, Rajan U, and Chia HP.  Idiopathic Scoliosis in Singapore School Children: A Prevalence Study 15 years into the screening programme. Spine, 30(10):1188-1196, May 15, 2005
  • Wang WEJ, Lee EH and Wong HK. 100 Years of Orthopaedic Education in Singapore.  Annals of Academy of Medicine Singapore, Vol 34, No.6  pp 130-136 July 2005
  • Wang ZL, Teo JCM, Chui CK, Ong SH, Yan CH, Wang SC, Wong HK. Teoh SH. Computational biomedical modeling of the lumbar spine using marching-cubes surface smoothened finite element voxel meshing.  Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine, 80 (2005) 25-35
  • Liu GKP, Wong HK. Video assisted thoracoscopic surgery for spinal condition.  Neurology India,  53, no. 4  (2005): 489‑498
  • Chan PY, Wong HK. Goh JCH. The repeatability of spinal motion of normal and scoliotic adolescent during walking. Gait & Posture, 24 (2006)219-228
  • Hee HT, Goh JCH, Wong HK. Insertion torque profile during pedicle screw insertion of the thoracic spine with and without violation of the pedicle wall – Comparison between cylindrical and conical designs. Spine 31, no. E  (2006):840-846,USA
  • Kulkarni AG, Hee HT, Wong HK.  Solis cage (PEEK) for anterior cervical fusion: Preliminary radiological results with emphasis on fusion and subsidence.  The Spine Journal 7, no.2 (2007):205-209, USA
  • Chui CK, Ong JSK, Lian ZY, Wang Z, Yan CH, Teo JCM, Ong SH, Wang SC, Zhang J, Wong HK, Teo CL, Teoh SH.  Haptics in computer mediated simulation: training in vertebroplasty surgery.  Simulation & Gaming 2007
  • Teo JCM, Chui CK Wang Z, Ong SH, Yan CH, Wang SC, Wong HK, Teoh SH.  Heterogeneous biomechanical modeling of the human spine. Medical Engineering & Physics, 29,no.2 277-9 UK, 2007
  • Hee HT and Wong HK, Surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis, Back Society, 2 no.1 (2007) Singapore
  • Hee HT, ZR Yu and H K Wong, Comparison of segmental pedicle screw instrumentation versus anterior instrumentation in adolescent idiopathic thoracolumbar scoliosis. Spine, 32, no.14 (2007):1533-1542, USA
  • Wong HK, Liu GKP, Yu ZR. Minimal Access Scoliosis Surgery.  In Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery, China: People’s Medical Publishing House. ISBN 978-7-117-09302-6. 2007: pp313-320
  • Chui CK, Wang Z, Zhang J, Ong JSK, Teo CMJ, Yan CH, Ong SH, Wang SC, Wong HK, Teoh SH. A component oriented software toolkit for patient-specific finite element model generation. Advances in Engineering Software. 40 (3) 2009 pp184-192
  • Tan KJ, Wong HK, Maung MM, Vaithinathan R. Curve Progression in Idiopathic Scoliosis: follow-up Study to Skeletal Maturity.  Spine 2009, Vol 34, No.7, pp697-700
  • Abbah SA, Lam CX, Hutmacher DW, Goh JCH, Wong HK. Biological performance of a polycaprolactone-based scaffold used as fusion cage device in a large animal model of spinal reconstructive surgery. Biomaterials, 2009 Oct, Vol 30 (28), pp5086-5093
  • Yong F, Wong HK, Chow KY. Prevalence of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis among Female School Children in Singapore. Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore, Dec 2009, Vol 38, pp 1056-63
  • Hee HT, Zhang J, Wong HK. Effects of cyclic dynamic tensile strain on previously-compressed inner annulus fibrosus and nucleus pulposus cells of human intervertebral disc – an in vitro study.  Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 28, no.4 (2010); 503-9.
  • Hee HT, Chuah YJ, B Tan, Setiobudi T, Wong HK, Vascularization and morphological changes of the endplate after axial compression and distraction of the intervertebral disc spine. The Spine Journal (accepted for publication).
  • Hee HT, M Ismail, CT Lim, JCH Goh and H K Wong, “Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell transplantation and intervertebral disc distraction versus intervertebral disc degeneration in a rabbit model. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (BR) 2010, Accepted for Publication
  • Abbah SA, Lam CX, Ramruttun KA, Goh JCH, Wong HK. Autogenous Bone Marrow Stromal Cell Sheets-Loaded mPCL/TCP Scaffolds Induced Osteogenesis in a Porcine Model of Spinal Interbody Fusion.  Tissue Engineering 2010. Accepted for Publication

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