Read the Vertebral Columns Summer 2023 Issue

In the lead article in this issue of Vertebral Columns, Kern Singh, MD, and his team highlight advancements in biomaterials and the implications for spine surgery. Additional topics include artificial intelligence and machine learning, alternatives to DEXA for lumbar bone density measurements, lumbar muscle health as it relates to patient outcomes, annular repair, sacroiliac joint fusions, and obtaining patient informed consent.



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