Read the Winter 2021 issue of “Vertebral Columns”

Vertebral Columns continues to focus on topics relevant to your clinical practice as a spine surgeon. This issue highlights the benefits and drawbacks of big data in spine surgery, the cost-effectiveness of image guidance, how to advise patients with preoperative lower extremity weakness caused by lumbar pathology, patient satisfaction after spine surgery, and physician unionization.

Download the full issue here OR view below.



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